Designing workshops for persona

This week, we further narrow down our problem space, and designed workshops for building our persona.

Narrowing Down Target Audiences

We asked Hajira and Sofia for help because we felt a little bit stuck in our progress. The problem space was still too broad to generate concepts and even conduct generative research. We were also unsure of how to choose our methods and design workshops. They gave us insightful feedback and we developed our process accordingly:

  • The narrower the problem space, the better the design outcome. …

User interview

While continuing our secondary research from last week, we started to write down our interview protocol, and initiate conversations with interviewees this week.

Interview Protocol

After we started our initial secondary research, we also started to draft our interview protocol for our future user interviews. Our goal of the interview was to learn from our potential audiences about:

  • Current opinions on the school/education
  • Their vision of future & future education
  • Their interpretation of “future-ready learners”
  • What’s going well, what could be better

We created a google doc to list our questions, rephrase and modify them in smooth order. We classified our interviewees…

Project Documentation

For the second week, we further narrowed down our problem space through research and storyboarding.

Storyboarding with Initial Problem Space

Each of us created 3 storyboards under classroom setting to communicate the problem spaces we intended to explore. The following image contains some examples of the storyboards. At this stage, the stories are purely based on the problem we observed and interested in, but not solid research.

Documentation for Project 3, Visualizing Patterns, in Communication Design Studio with Stacie Rohrbach, 2020 Fall, CMU School of Design

Week 11

Analyzing existing data and visualizations

The topic I got is “world cash crop” under the theme of finance. The key question for this data visualization is “What is the world’s biggest cash crop?”

What data is introduced? What relationships emerge from the visualization?

First, there are four bar charts indicating data of different attributes for these cash crops. The four categories are “most planted”, “most fecund”, “most popular” and “most revenue”. All four categories are in the order of the most planted cash crops to the least.

From analyzing the data in the first part, we can tell that “most planted” crops does not have…

Documentation for Project 2, Making the Abstract Concrete, in Communication Design Studio with Stacie Rohrbach, 2020 Fall, CMU School of Design

Week 5

This week we presented our interventions, reflected on Project 1, and was introduced Project 2, making the abstract concrete. In this project, we will explore various forms to communicate abstract information, and aid audiences’ understanding through a video explaining an assigned topic.

Electoral College

The topic I got is electoral college. I’ve never heard of this term (but know a little bit about the concept) before. …

Catherine Yochum, Peter Cederberg, Xuehui Zhang

This intervention was created as part of our MPS/MDes I Communication Design Studio during the Fall 2020 semester at CMU. As a class, our goal was to identify elements of communication design in media that influence the way we consume news, and design an intervention to make people better readers. As a team, we focused on bias in the media. The project took place over two weeks of individual work, followed by two and a half weeks of team work synthesizing our findings and developing an intervention.

Individual Process and Study Structures

Peter Cederberg

I investigated the way that…

Team members

Xuehui Zhang, Chloe Minkyoung Lee, Yueru Deng, Peter Cederberg

Context Exploration

Our team began the design process by grappling with questions regarding the scope and form this service would take. We had to consider who our targeted users were and that they would be both drivers and passengers. Using Miro, we mapped out a series of potential options as well as the potential problems they would face and in what context. By connecting the boxes from left to right we could see scenarios begin to play out which could become storyboards later. …

Documentation for Project 1, Navigating Information, in Communication Design Studio with Stacie Rohrbach, 2020 Fall, CMU School of Design

Week 1 — Class 1

Communication Design in Wind-up Toys

Currently in the beginning of the course, I interpret communication design as conveying information in intentional ways to improve communication, and it is a critical part of interaction, as communication is key of interaction design. I am sure my understanding for communication design will change, or deepen in some way, and I am already excited to imagine reading through the documentation and witnessing the change in the end of the semester.

In the first class, Stacie introduced some concepts of communication design through wind-up toys. We observed wind-up toys in various forms, predicted their operation patterns, and verified our prediction…

Process blog for our work as we tackle food systems and sustainability for freshmen at CMU.

Mapping the stakeholders

Ema Karavdic

My team and I had a great session thinking through some of the different people and groups involved with learning in the food system, especially when looking at a college campus.

In our discussion, we tried to cover a few different perspectives:

  • Although we were prompted with learners and stakeholders, we also started thinking about educators and which group would actually be doing the teaching. We did not assume it would just be us, instead considering that we need to partner with an existing member of the community
  • To kick off our thinking, we thought broadly about food…

Spring 2020 | Carnegie Mellon University

This is the class note of Learner Experience Design course taught by Stacie Rohrbach in the School of Design at Carnegie Mellon University.

Week 1

What excites you about diving into designing experiences for learning and why?


I’ve been a student at schools for most of my life so far, learning things that I liked, or disliked for different reasons. I’d always been the students who cared about grades much more than learning processes. Until recent years, I realized that grades do not necessarily reflect how much students actually learn. Not only grading systems, but also the passive learning processes that…

Xuehui Zhang

Currently studying Interaction Design in School of Design at Carnegie Mellon University

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store